Outbreak of Mushroom Poisoning in Iran: April–May, 2018

Kambiz Soltaninejad

Abstract


From April 28 to May 28, 2018, more than 1200 patients with impression of mushroom poisoning were referred to hospital emergency departments in 13 west and northwestern provinces, Iran; 112 (8.9%) patients were hospitalized and 19 were expired (ie, a fatality rate of 1.5%). The outbreak began in Kermanshah province with increasing number of patients presenting with severe abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea soon after consumption of wild mushrooms. Lepiota brunneioncarnata, Hypholoma fascicalare, and Coprinopsis atramentaria have been involved in this outbreak. To prevent similar outbreaks, raising public awareness about risky behaviors of collecting and consuming wild self-picked mushrooms is of paramount importance. Herein, we present our experience with this outbreak.

Keywords


Mushroom poisoning; Disease outbreaks; Epidemics; Iran



doi: 10.15171/ijoem.2018.1380


 pISSN: 2008-6520
 eISSN: 2008-6814

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