Factors Influencing Compliance with Infection Control Practice in Japanese Dentists

A Tada, M Watanabe, H Senpuku

Abstract


Background: In recent years, dentists have more opportunity of treating patients infected with blood-borne pathogens. Although compliance with infection control practice (ICP) in dental practice is required, it is not still sufficiently spread in Japan.

Objective: To identify factors associated with compliance with ICPs in the population of Japanese dentists.

Methods: In a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study in 2009, 2134 dentists in Aichi prefecture, Japan, were surveyed. They were asked for their demographic characteristics, willingness to treat HIV/AIDS patients, and knowledge about universal/standard precautions and ICP.

Results: Many ICP items had significant association with age, specialty for oral surgery, number of patients treated per day, willingness to treat HIV/AIDS patients and knowledge about the universal/standard precautions. In logistic regression model, knowledge about the precautions had significant associations with all ICP items. Among participants with disadvantageous characteristic group for ICP (ie, age ≥50 years, being general dentist, and treating ≤35 patients/day), knowledge about the universal/standard precautions had greater impact on exchanging handpiece for each patient and installing extra-oral vacuum in those with age of ≥50 years than in those who visited ≤35 patient per day.

Conclusion: Knowledge about the meaning of universal/standard precautions is the most significant predictor of compliance with ICPs among Japanese dentists.


Keywords


Infection control, dental; Dentists; Universal precautions; Knowledge; Attitude; HIV; Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome




 pISSN: 2008-6520
 eISSN: 2008-6814

Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License