Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: A Neglected Health Concern among Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers

HR Saberi, H Abbasian, M Motalebi Kashani, AH Naseri Esfahani

Abstract


Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that may develop following a trauma. Iranian commercial motor vehicle drivers experience many road traffic accidents during their working life; this may increase the probability for developing PTSD, which in turn may lead to increased human errors as well as decreased work efficiency.

Objective: To examine the prevalence of PTSD and its associated factors among a group of Iranian commercial motor vehicle drivers.

Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 424 drivers who referred to participate in an annually training program were selected using a simple random sampling technique. They were requested to complete the Persian version of PCL-C and a data collection sheet about their occupational and demographic features.

Results: 385 (90.8%) of 424 studied drivers completed the study. 265 (68.8%) of the drivers had first-grade driving license. The mean±SD on-the-job daily driving was 10.2±2.8 h. 74 of 385 (19.2%; 95% CI: 15.3%–23.2%) met the PTSD criteria. Higher age and job experience as a professional driver, and having past history or past familial history of psychiatric disorders, were independent predictors of developing PTSD. The disease was more prevalent among drivers with first-grade driving license.

Conclusion: The prevalence of PTSD among Iranian commercial motor vehicle drivers is higher than the figures reported elsewhere. Measures to diagnose of such drivers and to ensure optimum follow-up of victims before return to professional driving should be considered.


Keywords


Stress disorders, post-traumatic; Accidents, traffic; Accidents, occupational; Occupational injuries; Prevalence; Iran




 pISSN: 2008-6520
 eISSN: 2008-6814

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