Metabolic Syndrome: A Common Problem among Office Workers

SS Alavi, J Makarem, R Mehrdad, M Abbasi

Abstract


Background: Metabolic syndrome (MSx) is associated with several health problems. Workers are an important part of any organization.

Objective: To determine the prevalence of MSx and related variables among office workers.

Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated 1488 office workers in Qom province, Central Iran, by using a multi-stage cluster sampling. Diagnosis of MSx was based on blood HDL-cholesterol, triglyceride, and fasting blood sugar (FBS) levels and waist circumference, and blood pressure.

Results: The overall prevalence of MSx was 35.9% (95% CI 33.5% to 38.3%), higher in men (37.2%) than in women (20.6%), and increased with age. The most common laboratory findings of MSx were hypertriglyceridemia (45.9%) and low HDL-cholesterol level (45.5%). Office workers with MSx had a significantly (p<0.001) higher body mass index than those without MSx. Lack of regular leisure time physical activity (p=0.003), and low intake of fruits (p=0.02) were associated with MSx.

Conclusion: The prevalence of MSx was very high among office workers. Workplace health improvement programs through identifying and preventing MSx are necessary for improvement of staff's health.


Keywords


Metabolic syndrome; Prevalence; Occupational exposure; Obesity abdominal; Hyperlipidemias; Iran



doi: 10.15171/ijoem.2015.492


 pISSN: 2008-6520
 eISSN: 2008-6814

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