Employment and Professional Outcomes in 803 Patients Undergoing Bariatric Surgery in a French Reference Center for Obesity

Q Durand-Moreau, A Gautier, G Bécouarn, P Topart, P Rodien, A Sallé

Abstract


Background: Very few studies have been performed on small populations about the links between employment and bariatric surgery.

Objective: To determine if rates of employment are increased among patients who have undergone bariatric surgery, to assess their post-operative health consequences (post-prandial weakness, diarrhea), and patients' ability to maintain post-operative advice (ie, 30 minutes of daily physical activity, 6 small meals daily) compared to non-employed post-surgical patients.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in the Regional Reference Centre for Obesity, which is a partnership between the University Hospital and a clinic in Angers, France during 2012 using a self-administrated questionnaire completed by patients hospitalized for post-operative follow-ups after bariatric surgery. Issues investigated were their professional situation before and after the surgery, compliancy to post-operative advice, and any postoperative side effects.

Results: Employment rates were 64.4% before and 64.7% after the surgery (p=0.94). Of these, 30.6% maintained 30 minutes of daily physical activity vs. 41.0% of non-workers (p=0.02). 50.5% of employed patients and 57.3% of non-workers maintained 6 small meals a day after surgery (p=0.09). 8% of working patients reported post-prandial weaknesses and 8% reported diarrhea that caused problems at work.

Conclusion: Employment rate remained stable after surgery. Having a job seemed to be an obstacle to managing 30 minutes of daily exercise, especially among women, but not maintaining 6 small meals a day. Therefore, working environment needs to be assessed to improve job quality and retention for patients who have undergone bariatric surgery.


Keywords


Bariatric surgery; Employment; Obesity, morbid; Occupational health; Motor activity; Postoperative period



doi: 10.15171/ijoem.2015.502


 pISSN: 2008-6520
 eISSN: 2008-6814

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