Confirmatory Factor Analysis of the Finnish Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) in 590 Professional Musicians

Heidi Vastamäki, Martti Vastamäki, Katri Laimi, Michail Saltychev


Background: Poorly functioning work environments may lead to dissatisfaction for the employees and financial loss for the employers. The Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) was designed to measure social and psychological characteristics of work environments.

Objective: To investigate the factor construct of the Finnish 14-item version of JCQ when applied to professional orchestra musicians.

Methods: In a cross-sectional survey, the questionnaire was sent by mail to 1550 orchestra musicians and students. 630 responses were received. Full data were available for 590 respondents (response rate 38%).The questionnaire also contained questions on demographics, job satisfaction, health status, health behaviors, and intensity of playing music. Confirmatory factor analysis of the 2-factor model of JCQ was conducted.

Results: Of the 5 estimates, JCQ items in the “job demand” construct, the “conflicting demands” (question 5) explained most of the total variance in this construct (79%) demonstrating almost perfect correlation of 0.63. In the construct of “job control,” “opinions influential” (question 10) demonstrated a perfect correlation index of 0.84 and the items “little decision freedom” (question 14) and “allows own decisions” (question 6) showed substantial correlations of 0.77 and 0.65.

Conclusion: The 2-factor model of the Finnish 14-item version of JCQ proposed in this study fitted well into the observed data. The “conflicting demands,” “opinions influential,” “little decision freedom,” and “allows own decisions” items demonstrated the strongest correlations with latent factors suggesting that in a population similar to the studied one, especially these items should be taken into account when observed in the response of a population.


Psychometrics; Factor analysis, statistical; Surveys and questionnaires; Job satisfaction; Music; Finland

doi: 10.15171/ijoem.2017.1055

 pISSN: 2008-6520
 eISSN: 2008-6814

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