The Management of Dental Waste in Dental Offices and Clinics in Shiraz, Southern Iran

M Danaei, P Karimzadeh, M Momeni, CJ Palenik, M Nayebi, V Keshavarzi, M Askarian


Background: Dental waste can be hazardous to humans and the environment.

Objective: To determine the current status of dental waste management in private and public dental clinics and private dental offices in Shiraz, southern Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences from February through June 2013. A stratified random sampling method was used to study 86 private offices, 14 private clinics and 10 public clinics. Types of waste studied included mercury and amalgam, lead foil packets, sharps, infectious tissues and fluids, pharmaceuticals and domestic waste materials. Compliance with established standards by the monitored dental offices and clinics and public clinics were compared.

Results: 89.1% of dental offices and clinics disposed their infectious waste with domestic waste. Only 60% of centers used standard method for sharps disposal. None of the dental centers disposed their pharmaceutical waste and x-ray fixer waste by standard methods. Less than 10% of centers recycled the amalgam and lead foil pockets waste to the manufacture.

Conclusion: Government agencies should establish monitoring programs for all dental offices and clinics to identify noncompliant activity and enforce recommended regulations.


Dental waste; Medical waste; Waste management; Hazardous waste; Medical waste disposal; Solid waste

 pISSN: 2008-6520
 eISSN: 2008-6814

Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License