Solid Waste Production and Its Management in Dental Clinics in Gorgan, Northern Iran

R Nabizadeh, H Faraji, AA Mohammadi


Background: Waste produced in dental clinics has been the topic of investigations for many years. These waste materials have important health impacts and are hazardous to humans and the environment.

Objective: To investigating solid waste production and its management in dental clinics in Gorgan, northern Iran.

Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 45 of 143 public dental practices and 5 of 25 private dental practices were selected and studied. From each clinic, 3 samples were taken and analyzed at the end of successive working days (Tuesday and Wednesday). Samples were manually sorted into 50 components. The measured components were then classified on the basis of their characteristics, hazard potentials, and WHO classification.

Results: The total annual amount of dental waste produced in public and private dental practices in Gorgan was 12 015.1 and 3135.0 kg, respectively. Production percentages of infectious, domestic, chemical and pharmaceutical, and toxic waste in public dental practices were 38.4%, 33.7%, 6.6%, and 0.6%, respectively. The percentages for private practices were 8.7%, 10.6%, 1.1%, and 0.1%, respectively.

Conclusion: Dental waste management in Gorgan is inadequate; dental waste is not properly segregated, collected, and disposed, as demanded by the WHO. Employees in dentist offices must be trained in correct handling of waste products and the associated risks.


Infection control, Dental; Waste disposal facilities; Medical waste disposal; Dental waste; Hazardous waste; Solid waste; Waste management; Waste products; Medical waste; Blood-borne pathogens

 pISSN: 2008-6520
 eISSN: 2008-6814

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